Education System in Mongolia - An Overview
The Education System in Mongolia was very much similar to that of Soviet Union and Eastern European Model until the demise of USSR. Since the beginning of reforms in 1990's, the economy of Mongolia headed from a centralized system to market oriented. Thus, the change in Government machinery took place from a 'one party' system to 'pluralistic parties'.
Under the current reforming process the teaching curricula has been revised. The supply of school textbooks at Primary and Secondary level has increased and the number of enrolments has also increased at all levels of Education in Mongolia. The Ministry of Science, Technology, Education and Culture (MOSTEC) is the administering authority for education in Mongolia. This ministry has formulated Educational policies and set the standard of Education for each level of formal Education. Promotion to each level of Education is made through a system of exams. As at the end of Primary, Lower Secondary and Upper Secondary Education students are required to take state examinations.
Mongolia joined UNESCO on November 1, 1962. The country is covered by the UNESCO Office Beijing, a Cluster Office that also covers Peoples’ Republic of China, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Republic of Korea and Japan. Mongolia holds one UNESCO Chair and home to one UNEVOC center. As of September 2006, the country has 4 schools participating in UNESCO’s Associated Schools Project Network (ASPnet).